Aerial Bunched Cable (ABC) are a very naval concept for overhead power Distribution. When compared to the conventional bare conductor overhead distribution system, ABC provides higher maintenance and operative cost. This system is ideal for rural distribution and specially attractive for installation difficult terrains such as hilly areas, forest areas; coastal areas etc .These cables are being designed. Manufactured & tested conforming to IS: 14255 & other international specifications. ABC is also considered to be the choice for power distribution in congested urban areas with narrow lanes and by-lanes. In developing urban complex, ABC is the better choice because of flexibility for re routing as demanded by changes in urban development plan.
ABC can be conveniently used :
> As replacement of bare lines n Rural areas, in woods and in other localities & narrow streets where the space is limited.
> As replacement of bare lines where reliability of supply is of prime importance.
> As replacement of bare lines where high degree of stability of supply voltage is of importance.
> In hilly terrains where cost of erection of overhead lines or underground cable becomes very high.
> As reinforcement of existing system without increasing voltage.
> For temporary supplies.
In comparison to bare overhead distribution lines, ABC has very high reliability in maintaining services because power and neutral conductor are insulated with the best dielectric, resulting in the following advantages :
> Less fault rote on account of good protection against line and ground fault by high winds or falling trees or birds specially in hilly areas &forests are encountered in rural distribution networks.
> High insulation to earth in all seasons and polluted atmospheres. Negligible currents and low losses.
> Multiple circuits of Power and Telephone Cables could be strung in the same set of poles or any other supports like walls etc.
> Better adaptability to run concurrently with existing overhead bare conductor system without any interference.
> High capacitance and low inductance leading to low impedance of lines.
> Lower voltage drop, higher current carrying capacities vis-a-vis better voltage regulation.
> Longer spans and longer distance lines are possible with better system stability.
> ABC cables are much safer than bare conductors.
> It can be over hung in dense vegetation and forests.
> Additional connections can be easily and quickly made with hot line connectors.
> Total line costs are reduced.
> Maintenance is very easy.
> Very difficult to top the AB Cables, thus reducing theft which leads to lower distribution losses.